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Friday, December 29, 2017

How Is Import Duty and GST Calculated in Australia?

All imported goods are potentially subject to import duty and GST before they can be released for delivery by the wharf, airport bond store or Australia Post in the case of international parcels arriving by mail.
My team and I at Depth Logistics are commonly asked how import duty and GST is calculated so by way of this post I will explain the basic principles.
Import Duty is determined by the classification of goods in the Customs Tariff and the applicability of concessions. The duty rate can range from FREE to 10%, however the standard rate for most goods is 5%.

Our licensed customs brokers classify your goods in the Customs Tariff and proactively search for concessions, by-laws and Free Trade Agreement exemptions that may make the goods duty free. Our Tariff Consultants can also make application to Customs for Tariff Concessions on your goods. Learn more about Tariff Consultancy Services.

Australia has numerous Free Trade Agreements with many of its major trading partners and is currently entering into more. With the right declarations and/or Certificates of Origin it means we can legally claim exemption from import duty on your goods.

Import Duty is calculated as a percentage of the goods value or Customs Value (CV) of your consignment.

GST is calculated at 10% of the Value of the Taxable Import (VoTI). The VoTI is calculated by the addition of the Customs Value (CV) plus the Duty plus the value of the International Transport and Insurance (T&I).

Here is an example of how the import duty and GST is calculated on goods valued at AUD$1000 which attract a 5% duty rate:

Duty @ 5% of the AUD$1,000 (CV) = $ 50.00(Duty)

International transport and insurance (T&I) = $ 150.00

Then the VoTI = (CV) + Duty + (T&I) = $1,200.00

GST is 10% of the VoTI = 10% x $1200 = $ 120.00(GST)

Total Duty and GST Payable $ 170.00


Depth Logistics Customs Brokers are online to Customs Cargo System so this means lower Customs declaration processing fees for you compared to lodging import declarations manually yourself. The charges Customs levy for this are called Electronic Entry Charges(EEC). These charges range from $50.00 to about $194.00 depending on the value of the goods and mode of transport. Also as our customs brokers are online to Customs it means that in the majority of case cargo clearance processing is near instantaneous except where Customs may have a query or other concern.
Import duty and GST is paid to Customs by a daily direct debit facility on the customs brokers bank account. This is why customs brokers and freight forwarders usually require payment for these charges prior to delivery of your cargo.
If you are a frequent importer that lodges your Business Activity Statement monthly with the Australian Tax Office, we can also arrange to defer your payment of the GST to assist your cashflow.
If you would like more information about the applicable duty rates on goods you are importing, or any other aspect of customs clearance in Australia, please contact us or call toll free on 1DEPTH (133784).
All for now,

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